Canadian Citizenship

Every year about 170,000 people become citizens of Canada.

Often people ask about how to obtain Canadian citizenship. Citizenship is a status that you can get after becoming a permanent resident and then living in Canada for a full four years. The question is how to become a permanent resident of Canada first, before one can obtain Canadian citizenship.

Becoming a Canadian Citizen

To become a Canadian citizen, you must have permanent resident status and have lived in Canada for a full 1460 days in the six years before applying for citizenship. After becoming a permanent resident you must keep very accurate records of when you have left and returned to Canada.

Citizenship Knowledge Test

Ultimately, you will have to take a citizenship knowledge test and your interview with the IRCC staff will be used to assess if you have an adequate ability to communicate in English or French. However, you cannot become a citizen if you have been convicted of an indictable criminal offence in the four years prior to filing the application or if you are under an order to leave Canada.


Citizenship rules are complex and we urge you to complete the questionnaire for a free assessment as to whether you would qualify for Canadian citizenship due to birth or lineage.